Californian Poppy - Eschsholzia californica
- Created: 20 August 2014
Name - Californian Poppy
Botanical Name - Eschsholzia californica
Family – Papaceraceae
It was widely used by Native Americans medicinally, the bee pollen was used cosmetically and the seeds were used in cooking. It was smoked for its mild sedative action. It is the official flower of the US state California.
The Native Americans used the poppy for colic, sleeplessness and griping stomach pains.
This is an annual or perennial that grows with alternately branching glaucous blue-green foliage. Ternately divided into lobed segments. Solitary flowers range from yellow to orange, the flowers open during the day and close at night. The fruit is a slender, dehiscent capsule which is 3 to 9cm long. The flowers are harvested when in full bloom.
Habitat—Native to California, USA. It is drought tolerant and it will readily self seed. It now grows well in Mediterranean climates.
The constituents in Californian Poppy contains alkaloids, though they are in a different class to the Opium Poppy. California poppy contains alkaloids (including protopine, cryptopine, and chelidonine) and flavone glycosides.
Californian poppy possess an affinity for the benzodiazepine receptors in studies.
California poppy is used for trouble sleeping (insomnia), aches, nervous agitation, bed-wetting in children, and diseases of the bladder and liver. It is also used to promote relaxation
Pour 1 cup of water just off the boil onto 1-2 teaspoons of herb. Steep covered for 10 minutes. Drink as needed. N.B. Use half doses for children under 14 years of age.
Tincture 1-4ml of 1:1 tds