- Created: 20 August 2014
Name - Kola Nut
Botanical Name - Cola nitida
Family – Sterculiaceae
Other names – Kola, Cola, Guru Nut, Kola Nut, Bissy Nuts
Widely grown in West Africa with religious and cultural significance to the local peoples. Cola nuts are chewed for their stimulating effect. Cola extract is used to flavour commercial drinks. 4 species with edible nuts have been identified in Nigeria and Cameeroon.
Native to W. Africa, this herb is cultivated extensively in the tropics. particularly Nigeria, Brazil, Sri Lanka. Indonesia and S. America. A medium sized tree from 40-60ft tall. Flowers are greenish-yellow or white and purple at the margins of the petals. Both male and female flowers are borne on the same inflorescence. Fruit is a follicle, about 20cm in length and contains one seed. Plant will grow in full sun or part shade, and is not frost tolerant. Thrives in wet, humid, tropical environments.
Parts Used – Seed kernel
Native to Sierra Leone, North Ashanti, and around the Niger delta. Cultivated in the West Indies, Brazil, and Java. Propagated by seeds usually, but is possible by cuttings.
Caffeine, with traces of theobromine Tannins and phenolics; d-catechin, l-epicatechin, kolatin, kolatein, kolanin and in the fresh nut, catechol and (-) epicatechol Miscellaneous; phlobaphene, an anthocyanin pigment known as kola red, betaine, protein, starch.
Central nervous stimulant
Stimulant to central nervous system, anti-depressive, astringent, diuretic. Kola has a marked stimulating effect on the human consciousness. It can be used wherever there is a need for direct stimulation, which is less often than is usually thought. Through regaining proper health and therefore right functioning, the nervous system does not need such help. In the short term it may be used in nervous debility, in states of atony and weakness. To sustain mental and physical exertions.
It can act as a specific in nervous diarrhoea. It will aid in states of depression and may, in some people, give rise to euphoric states. In some varieties of migraine it can help greatly. Through the stimulation it will be a valuable part of the treatment for anorexia. It can be viewed as specific in cases of depression associated with weakness and debility. For chronic neuralgia convalescence, nervous debility, Short term fatigue; mental and physical, nervous diarrhoea, migraine and anorexia
Decoction: Put l-2 teaspoonfuls of the powdered nuts in a cup of water, bring to boiling and simmer gently for l0-l5 minutes. This should be drunk when needed.
Tincture: Take l-2 ml of the tincture three times a day.
Combinations Adjunctive to Betonica off, Kola will go well with Oats, Damiana, and Skullcap Avena sativa, Turnera diffusa, Scutelaria lateriflora
Not to be used during pregnancy C/I in hypertension and gastric and duodenal ulcers Not recommended for excessive or long term use